Description

The World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) Report Database contains 130 reports on housing construction types in 43 seismically active countries. Each housing report is a detailed description of a housing type in a particular country. The description is prepared from a number of standard closed-ended questions and some narrative that have been provided by report authors. Each report has five major categories including architectural and structural features; Building Materials and Construction Process; Socio-economic Issues; Past Performance In Earthquakes, Seismic Features and Vulnerability; and Retrofit. All of the housing reports in this database have been contributed by volunteers. If you are interested in writing a housing report please contact the WHE Editorial Board.

About

The World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) is a collection of resources related to housing construction practices in the seismically active areas of the world. The mission is to share experiences with different construction types and encourage the use of earthquake-resistant technologies worldwide. The technical activities of the WHE are steered by an international team of 22 professionals specializing in different aspects of seismic safety of buildings and structures. They bring relevant experience from 16 seismically active countries across the world. For more information about the World Housing Encyclopedia, visit http://www.world-housing.net/.

All Records in the Database


ID Building Type Country Summary
104 Adobe / Earthen House IRAN This building type is typically one or two stories and ...
107 Reinforced Adobe Peru This is a reinforcement system for existing adobe houses, as ...
109 RC Structural Wall Building Colombia These buildings are characterized mainly by cast-in-place, load-bearing, reinforced-concrete shear ...
10 Non-engineered unreinforced brick masonry building Colombia This type of housing is typically constructed in urban and ...
111 Reinforced Concrete Moment Frame Building without Seismic Details USA This report examines reinforced concrete buildings that use moment-resisting frames ...
112 Unreinforced brick masonry residential building Pakistan In Peshawar and adjoining areas (in northern Pakistan), the most ...
113 multistory tower masonry with stone pillars and wood or arched beams (Casa Torre) Italy This construction originated during the Middle Ages in response to ...
114 Stonework building with wooden timber roof Iran Stonework buildings are a common type of rural construction in ...
115 Reinforced concrete multistory buildings Mexico This report describes Reinforced Concrete (RC) multistory residential buildings in ...
116 Timber Frame Brick House with Attic India This type of house is used for residential purposes. The ...
119 Stone Masonry House : Rubble stone without/with mud/lime/cement mortar Switzerland This building type was mainly constructed as residential buildings in ...
11 Gravity concrete frame buildings (predating seismic codes) Colombia This is typical multi-family housing construction found in urban areas ...
12 Clay brick/concrete block masonry walls with concrete floors (predating seismic codes or with a few seismic features) Colombia Typical multi-family housing construction found in urban areas of Colombia. ...
134 Adobe / Earthen House : Mud walls Honduras Adobe is commonly used in Honduras predominantly in rural areas ...
136 Adobe with sawn timber roof framing and corrugated iron sheeting Guatemala This very small building doubles as a home and workplace. ...
137 Adobe / Earthen House : Adobe block walls Nicaragua The plan of this adobe building is a simple rectangle ...
138 Stone masonry residential buildings Pakistan In the Northern part of Pakistan, which mostly consists of ...
13 Gravity designed reinforced concrete frame buildings with unreinforced masonry infill walls. Cyprus This type of concrete apartment building was widely constructed after ...
141 Vivienda de Bahareque El Salvador The bahareque construction type refers to a mixed timber, bamboo ...
144 Adobe / Earthen House : Adobe block walls Guatemala Buildings made of adobe brick masonry can still be found ...
145 Pillar walaghar (URM infilled RC frame buildings) Nepal This building type is widely constructed in the urban and ...
146 Dhajji Dewari Pakistan and India Dhajji dewari (Persian for patch quilt wall) is a traditional ...
147 Traditional Naga Type House India The housing type is most common throughout the Northeast India ...
148 Vivienda de Minifalda (Wooden houses with heavy bases) Nicaragua The term 'minifalda', translated 'miniskirt' refers to the building's walls ...
150 Timber-reinforced Stone Masonry (Koti Banal Architecture) of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, Northern India India Despite being located in a high seismic risk area, a ...
154 Assam-type House India Assam-type houses are commonly found in the northeastern states of ...
159 RC Moment Frame Building with URM Infills Pakistan This report addresses reinforced-concrete buildings in Pakistan. Due to the ...
15 Multi-story reinforced concrete frame building Greece These buildings represent a typical multi-family residential construction, mainly found ...
160 Combined and Confined Masonry Construction Mexico It is defined as combined and confined masonry structures those ...
161 Confined Masonry Building with Concrete blocks, tie-columns and beams GUATEMALA The February 1976 earthquake caused severe damage to housing and ...
164 Reinforced-concrete frame with lightly reinforced-masonry infill Belize This type of home is a reinforced concrete frame building ...
165 Timber stilt homes Belize This type of home is a wood frame building built ...
166 Adobe houses PAKISTAN This report provides an overview of adobe housing construction, which ...
167 Reinforced concrete buildings with masonry infills Pakistan This report provides an overview of reinforced concrete buildings in ...
16 Loadbearing stone masonry building Greece These buildings are mainly found in the historical centers of ...
170 Thathara houses in Himachal Pradesh India The addressed building type has been identified in Himachal Pradesh, ...
172 Dry stone construction in Himachal Pradesh India The addressed building type has been identified in Himachal Pradesh, ...
174 Concrete-block masonry construction in Pakistan Pakistan This report provides an overview of concrete block masonry housing ...
175 Reinforced Masonry Building: Clay brick masonry in cement mortar Colombia This type of single-story housing is typically built in urban ...
17 Reinforced concrete frame building with an independent vertical extension Greece This is a typical residential construction found in the suburbs ...
18 Rubble stone masonry walls with timber frame and timber roof India This typical rural construction in central, southern, and northern India ...
19 Reinforced concrete frame building with masonry infill walls designed for gravity loads India The construction of reinforced concrete buildings with brick masonry infill ...
1 Confined block masonry house Argentina This is typically a one-or-two-story residential building, of detached or ...
20 Unreinforced brick masonry with flat roof India This is a traditional construction practice prevalent both in the ...
21 Unreinforced brick masonry building with reinforced concrete roof slab India Typical rural and urban construction in western and southern India. ...
22 Unreinforced brick masonry walls with pitched clay tile roof India This is a traditional construction practice followed in India for ...
23 Rural mud house with pitched roof India This is a typical rural construction found throughout India, except ...
25 Steel frame with semi-rigid "Khorjini" connections and jack arch roof "Taagh-e-Zarbi". Iran This is a common type of urban/rural construction in many ...
26 Semi-rigid steel frame with "Khorjinee" connections Islamic Republic of Iran This housing type is commonly used for low-rise building construction ...
27 Confined Masonry Building with Concrete blocks, tie-columns and beams Iran This is a typical confined brick masonry housing construction common ...
28 Single-family stone masonry house Italy These buildings form the historic centres of most hilltop villages ...
29 Single-family historic brick masonry house (Casa unifamiliare in centro storico, Centro Italia) Italy This single-family housing type, found throughout the Central Italy (Centro ...
2 Traditional adobe house Argentina This construction type is a single-family house. In general, it ...
30 Single-family stone masonry house Italy This building type is commonly used for multifamily housing in ...
31 brick masonry farmhouse with a "dead door" Italy This is a single family farmhouse construction, found throughout the ...
32 Large panel buildings with two interior longitudinal walls Kazakhstan This is a typical urban residential construction commonly found in ...
33 Precast reinforced concrete frame building with cruciform and linear-beam elements (Series 106) Kyrgyzstan Precast reinforced concrete frame buildings (series 106) were introduced in ...
34 Buildings with hollow clay tile load-bearing walls and precast concrete floor slabs Kyrgyzstan Buildings of this type are characterized with load-bearing masonry walls ...
35 Yurta Kyrgyzstan This type of building is the national traditional dwelling of ...
36 Single-family brick masonry house Kyrgyzstan This housing type represents a very popular single-family housing construction ...
38 Prefabricated concrete panel buildings with monolithic panel joints (seria 105) Kyrgyzstan Prefabricated concrete panel buildings with monolithic panel joints have been ...
39 Reinforced concrete frame buildings without beams (seria KUB) Kyrgyzstan Frame buildings without beams were introduced in the last decade ...
3 Steel frame buildings with shear walls Chile These buildings are modern steel composite structures ranging from 3 ...
40 Buildings with cast in-situ load-bearing reinforced concrete walls Kyrgyzstan Buildings with cast in-situ load-bearing reinforced concrete walls are widespread ...
41 Two-story unreinforced brick masonry building with wooden floors Kyrgyzstan This is a non-engineered construction practiced in Kyrgyzstan in the ...
42 Houses with mud walls and thatch roofs Kyrgyzstan This building type is widespread in the rural areas of ...
43 Rural mud wall building ( nyumba yo mata OR ndiwula ) Malawi This housing construction type is used only for residential purposes. ...
47 Traditional oval-shaped rural stone house Nepal This is a typical rural construction concentrated in the central ...
48 Reinforced concrete frame with infill walls designed for gravity loading Palestinian Territories This building type is usually found in most cities of ...
49 Unreinforced concrete and masonry bearing wall construction (designed for gravity loads only) PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES This building type is usually found in most cities of ...
50 Confined masonry building Peru This multifamily housing construction type has been the most commonly ...
51 Confined masonry house Peru This is the most common single-family housing construction practice followed ...
52 Adobe house Peru This is a traditional construction practice followed for over 200 ...
53 Small concrete block masonry walls with concrete floors and roofs Russia This is a typical residential construction found both in urban ...
54 Large concrete block walls with reinforced concrete floors and roofs (typical series: 1-306c, 1-307c, 114c) Russia This is a typical residential construction found both in urban ...
55 Large reinforced concrete panel buildings ( Series 122, 135 and 1-464c) Russia Large panel buildings represent one of the most common multifamily ...
56 Timber log building Russia This is a rural housing construction practice widespread in the ...
57 Wood panel wall buildings (typical seria 181-115-77cm of #Giprolesprom#) Russia This is a rural housing construction practice widespread in the ...
58 Rubble-stone masonry house Slovenia Rubble-stone masonry houses are still found throughout Slovenia. This housing ...
59 Reinforced concrete frame with concrete shear walls - dual system SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC These buildings are characterized by a combination of shear walls ...
60 Moment resisting frame designed for gravity loads only Syria These buildings are found in the main cities of Syria ...
61 Street front building with arcade at the first floor (pre-1970's construction) Taiwan This building type is common in most Taiwanese cities and ...
62 Street front building with arcade at the first floor (contemporary construction) Taiwan This building type is common for many Taiwanese cities and ...
63 Highrise reinforced concrete buildings with open space at the ground floor Taiwan This is an urban housing construction. Typically, these are 12-story ...
65 Wood frame single family house USA Wood frame construction is typical for single family houses throughout ...
66 Precast reinforced concrete frame panel system of seria IIS-04 Uzbekistan This housing type is used in the construction of residential ...
67 Popular, non-engineered urban housing on flat terrain Venezuela This is an urban housing construction type found in the ...
68 Precast, prestressed concrete frame structure with concrete shear walls Serbia This housing type is a prefabricated frame structure, consisting of ...
69 Confined Masonry Building : Clay brick masonry, with concrete tie-columns and beams Serbia This type of construction has been used for single-family and ...
70 Solid brick masonry house with composite hollow clay tile and concrete joist roof slabs Argentina This housing type is found in the urban areas of ...
72 Traditional rural house in Kutch region of India (bhonga) India The Bhonga is a traditional construction type in the Kutch ...
73 Unreinforced Masonry Building SLOVENIA This construction was commonly used for residential buildings in all ...
74 uncoarsed rubble stone masonry walls with timber floor and roof Nepal This is a typical rural housing construction in the hills ...
76 Load-bearing wall buildings protected with the "sliding belt" base isolation system Kyrgyzstan Sliding belt is a base isolation system developed for seismic ...
77 Buildings protected with "disengaging reserve elements" (vyklyuchayu-shchiesya svyazi) Russian Federation This building type is characterized with a special system of ...
79 Concrete shear wall highrise buildings Canada This concrete shear wall high-rise represents a contemporary residential and ...
80 Low-strength dressed stone masonry buildings India Construction of stone masonry buildings using easily available local materials ...
82 Single-family wood frame houses Canada Single-family wood frame construction represents the most common housing construction ...
86 Single-family wooden house Japan Japan has a long tradition related to wood construction. The ...
88 Confined brick masonry house Slovenia This is a very common single-family residential construction practice found ...
89 Traditional adobe house without seismic features Argentina This construction type is used as a single-family house. It ...
91 EMSB1- single storied brick masonry house generally with GI roof Bangladesh This is a one-story brick masonry house of fired bricks ...
99 Traditional Nawari house in Kathmandu Valley Nepal The traditional newari house is usually of rectangular plan shape ...
108 Half-timbered house in the " border triangle" (Fachwerkhaus im Dreilndereck) Switzerland This type of construction can be found in both the ...
117 Unreinforced Masonry Building : Brick masonry in mud/lime mortar, with vertical posts Iran The 'Four arches' or Char Taaqi (in Persian) derives its ...
118 Unreinforced Masonry Building : Brick masonry in mud/lime mortar Iran This building structure derives its name from the four earrings ...
120 Unreinforced stone wall rural housing Italy This is a typical house occupied by affluent families in ...
121 Lower and middle class residential building in rural areas of central Italy Italy Typical house occupied by low-income and middle-class families in rural ...
5 Reinforced clay/concrete block masonry building Chile This is a rather recent construction practice followed since 1970s, ...
6 Concrete frame and shear wall building Chile Buildings of this type are used mainly for offices or ...
71 Reinforced concrete frame structure with diagonal bracings and brick infill walls Romania This is a Post-World War II variant of the well-known ...
7 Confined block masonry building Chile This construction practice started during the 1940s, after the 1939 ...
83 Precast concrete panel apartment buildings Romania This multi-family urban housing construction waspracticed in Romania between the ...
84 A single-family, two-storey house with brick walls and timber floors Romania This type of urban housing was constructed in Romania in ...
75 Stone masonry apartment building Algeria Stone masonry building is typical multy-family residential construction found in ...
78 RC Structural Wall Building : Moment frame with in-situ shear walls Romania This is typical urban multi-family housing practiced throughout Romania in ...
143 Mud House of Bangladesh BANGLADESH In Bangladesh, a mud house is one of the traditional ...
14 Vivienda de Adobe (Adobe house) El Salvador This housing type can be found in rural and urban ...
152 Base isolation of confined masonry Argentina Most of the Argentine Republic can be considered seismic. Greater ...
156 Typical Single-Story Residential Construction Practices in Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Typical single-story residential construction in Trinidad and Tobago comprises 100 ...
171 Mud wall construction in Spiti Valley (Himachal Pradesh) India This report describes a building type found in Himachal Pradesh, ...
24 Unreinforced clay brick masonry house Indonesia Unreinforced Clay Brick Masonry (UCB) housing construction is still often ...
45 Rammed earth house with pitched roof (Nyumba yo dinda OR Nyumba ya mdindo) Malawi This type of construction is used for residential purposes only. ...
46 Unburnt brick wall building with pitched roof (nyumba ya zidina ) Malawi This type of building is found both in urban and ...
4 Concrete shear walls buildings Chile This housing type is mainly characterized by reinforced concrete shear ...
103 RC Moment Frame Building Algeria This privately owned housing constitutes about 60 to 70% of ...
44 Reinforced concrete frame building with timber roof Malaysia This housing type is commonly used for family housing and ...
85 One family one storey house, also called "wagon house" Romania This is one of the oldest housing types in Romania ...
87 Block of flats with 11 floors out of cast-in-situ concrete, gliding frameworks Romania This is an urban high-rise, built in Romanian cities, especially ...
8 Buildings with hybrid masonry walls Chile This housing type represents a common multi-family urban construction in ...
92 Historic, braced frame timber buildings with masonry infill ('Pombalino' buildings) Portugal Pombalino buildings (see Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4) are ...
95 Prefabricated metal construction of the Modern Movement Germany This urban housing construction was practiced for about 20 years ...
96 Building of the Modern Movement - Reinforced concrete frame designed for gravity loads with no commercial ground floor Romania This urban housing construction was practiced in Romania from 1907-1945, ...
97 Medium/high rise moment resisting reinforced concrete frame building Romania Such buildings generally range from 10 to 17 storeys in ...
9 Multistory base-isolated brick masonry building with reinforced concrete floors and roof China This is typically a 5- to 8-story building with commercial ...
101 RC Structural Wall Building (Tunnel form building) Turkey This type of rapidly constructed, multi-unit residential form has been ...
64 Reinforced concrete frame building with masonry infills Turkey Approximately 80 percent of Turkey's urban households live in mid-rise ...
176 Stone Masonry Building : Rubble stone masonry/dressed stone masonry Pakistan This report provides an overview of stone masonry housing construction, ...
177 Adobe Arched-Roof Iran This construction type is a single-family house which is found ...
178 Prefabricated timber frame building Slovenia This is a typical single-family house commonly found in all ...
180 Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Houses Chile This housing type is structured with shear walls in two ...
181 Confined Masonry Chile Confined masonry houses are located in Chile mainly in the ...
179 Adobe House Chile Adobe houses are mainly found in rural areas of the ...
182 Timber Houses Chile This housing type is typically one or two stories high ...
183 Low-ductile RC frame buildings (C1L, C1M) Cuba Low-ductile RC frames with unreinforced masonry infill walls made of ...
184 Non-ductile RC frame buildings (C3L, C3M) Cuba Nonductile RC frames with unreinforced masonry infill walls made of ...
186 Non-ductile RC frame buildings (E-14) Cuba Non-ductile RC frames with infill walls
187 RC shear wall buildings (FORSA) Cuba RC shear walls
188 Precast RC frame buildings (Giron and SAE) Cuba Precast RC frames in one direction with RC walls in ...
189 Precast concrete panel buildings (Gran Panel Sovietico) Cuba Precast concrete panel buildings
190 Industrial buildings Cuba Precast RC frames in one direction. Infill precast panels or ...
191 Dual precast RC system (IMS5, IMS8, IMS12, IMS18) Cuba Dual precast RC system, formed by a simple modular network ...
192 Ductile RC frame buildings with infill walls of polystyrene (POLIMAT) Cuba Ductile RC frames with Infill walls of polystyrene
193 Steel frame buildings with infill walls of PVC sheets (Petrocasas) Cuba Steel frames with infill walls of PVC sheets that are ...
194 Confined masonry Cuba Confined brick/block masonry with concrete columns and beams
195 Precast RC frame buildings (Sandino) Cuba Precast RC frames
196 Galvanized steel truss buildings (Titan Steel) Cuba Galvanized steel truss
197 Unconfined masonry Cuba Unreinforced fired brick masonry, cement mortar (timber flooring, timber or ...
198 Steel-braced frame buildings (VHICOA) Cuba Steel-braced frames
173 Brick masonry construction in Pakistan Pakistan This report provides an overview of brick masonry housing construction, ...
201 Ductile RC Moment Frame Building Colombia Ductile reinforced concrete frames (RC) have been mainly designed after ...
199 Confined masonry Colombia Confined masonry structures have been built in Colombia mainly without ...

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